the eye contains 3 receptors that are sensitive to red, blue, and green. Study Introduction to Psychology discussion and chapter questions and find Introduction to Psychology study guide questions and answers. 10/31/2015 Intro to Psychology: Exam 2 flashcards | Quizlet 20/61 On the first day of class, Professor Wallace tells her geography students that pop quizzes will be given at unpredictable times throughout the semester. Intro to Psychology Final Exam Study Guide Flashcards | Quizlet. defined originally as the ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100 (thus, IQ = ma/ca Ã 100). A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior brainstem Lower portion of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord. the stage in speech development from about age 1 to 2 during which a child speaks mostly in single words. In reality, both lines are exactly the same length, conscious dreamlike states of wishful fantasizing, the various classes of drugs including stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens that alter conscious experience, relaxed state of dreamlike awareness between wakefulness and sleep, an abrupt movement that sometimes occurs during the hypnagogic state in which the sleeper often experiences a sense of falling, Rapid-eye movement sleep, characterized by movement of the eyes under the lids; often accompanies dreams, autonomic nervous system goes into hyperdrive; blood flow to the brian increases; heartbeat becomes irregular; the muscles of the face and fingers twitch; breathing becomes irregular, Internally generated cycles lasting about 24 hours a day that regulate sleepiness and wakefulness, body temperature, and the secretion of some hormones; body temp falls just as your are beginning to feel sleepy and continues to fall until the middle of the sleep period, deprivation of the deepest part of non-REM sleep has much the same effect as loss of REM sleep; restorative role, If sleep was limited; the next day they were irritable, fatigued, inattentive, and inefficient; protective role (autonomic storm), REM sleep influences the rate of neurogenesis by activating the expression of genes that control changes in the connections between neurons that are involved in memory, short, faint impressions that contain no emotions and are rarely remembered;resembles the ordinary process of thinking"; where night terrors, sleep walking and talking occur, dream content that is sim liar to events in the person's waking life, a stimulus such as a cold back influences your dreams to think you're somewhere like the arctic, according to Freud, the literal meaning of dreams, according to Freud, the true meaning of dreams that is found in the symbols in their manifest content, classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, Modeling/Learning from others, stimulus that can elicit a response without any learning, Unlearned, inborn reaction to an unconditioned stimulus, stimulus that comes to elicit responses as a result of being paired with an unconditioned stimulus, Response that is similar or identical to the unconditioned response that comes to be elicited by a conditioned stimulus, form of learning in which a previously neutral stimulus (CS) is paired with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) to elicit a conditioned response (CR) that is identical to or very similar to the unconditioned response, learning in which the consequences of behavior lead to changes in the probability of its occurrence, any consequence of behavior that leads to an increase in the probability of its occurrence, the passage of time between the response and the positive reinforcement that leads to reduced efficiency of operant conditioning, innate positive reinforcers that do not have to be acquired through learning, reinforcement that occurs when (1) a behavior is followed by the removal or the avoidance of a negative event and (2) the probability that the behavior will occur i the future increases as a result, a negative consequence of a behavior, which leads to a decrease in the frequency of the behavior that produces it, Fixed ratio schedule (positive reinforcement), reinforcement schedule in which the reinforcer is given only after a specified number of responses, Variable Ratio Schedule (positive reinforcement), reinforcement schedule in which the reinforcer is given after a varying number of responses have been made, Variable Interval (positive reinforcement), reinforcement schedule in which the reinforcer is given following the first response occurring after a variable amount of time; produces high rates of steady response not good for initial learning, Fixed Interval Schedule (positive reinforcement), reinforcement schedule in which the reinforcer is given following the first response occurring after a predetermined period of time, tendency for responses to occur more often in the presence of one stimulus than others, tendency for similar stimuli to elicit the same response, process of unlearning a learned response because of the removal of the original source of learning, temporary increase in the strength of a conditioned response, which is likely to occur during extinction after the passage of time, form of cognitive change that involves recognition of previously unseen relationships, improvement in the rate of learning to solve new problems through practice solving similar problems, observed reinforcement of the behavior of a model, which also increases the probability of the same behavior in the observer, observed punishment of the behavior of a model which also decreases the probability of the same behavior in the observer, negative reaction to a particular taste that has been associated with nausea or other illness, learning based on observation of the behavior of another, the second stage of memory in which five to nine bits of info can be stored for brief periods of time, storehouse for info that must be kept for long periods of time; the third stage of memory involving the storage of info that is kept for long periods of time, strategy of positively reinforcing behaviors that are successively more similar to desired behaviors, the first stage of memory in which an exact image of each sensory experience is held briefly until it can be processed, mental repetition of info to retain it longer in short term memory, regrouping more than the short term memory capacity into units of memory, storage capacity of STM seven plus or minus 2, memory for meaning without reference to the time and place of learning, memory for specific experiences that can be defined in terms of time and space, memories are associated or linked together through experience, the finding that immediate recall of items listed in a fixed order is often better for items at the beginning and end of the list than for those in the middle, an alternative to the stage theory of memory stating that the distinction between short term and long term memory is a matter of degree rather than different kinds of memory and is based on how incoming info is processed, processed at a deeper level and will be kept much longer, processed at a shallow level and will be kept only briefly, the process of creating associations between a new memory and existing memories, the theory that forgetting occurs as the memory trace fades over time, the theory that forgetting occurs because similar memories interfere with the storage or retrieval of info, Old interferes with new; interference created by memories from prior learning, New interferes with old; interference created by memories from later learning, the theory that info stored in LTM sometimes changes over time to become more consistent with our beliefs, knowledge, and expectations, forgetting that is believed to be based on the upsetting or threatening nature of the info that is forgotten, remembering an even that did not occur or that occurred i a way that was substantially different from the memory of the event, a memory disorder characterized by an inability to retrieve old long-term memories generally for a specific period of time extending bak from the beginning of the disorder, disorder of memory characterized by an inability to store and/or retrieve new info in long term memory, a disorder involving both anterograde and retrograde amnesia cause by excessive use of alcohol, when they cannot remember something that is needed to complete a statement they make it up, can be engaged in a conversation but be aware of conversations in corner of room. University of North Georgia. Quizlet: Intro to Psychâ Review (Chapter One) Travis Dixon September 2, 2017 Love and Marriage , Revision and Exam Preparation 2 Comments This quizlet is for the Introduction to Psychology (Chapter One of the student's guide) (image from wiki commons). (Myers Psychology 8e p. 413), impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to wernicke's area (impairing understanding), controls language expression - an area of the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech, controls language reception - a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression; usually in the left temporal lobe, Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think. This exam covers material from Introduction through Learning. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 354), the conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage, the tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice, our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list, encoding of sound, especially the sound of words. Review. The encoding of meaning, including the meaning of words. A memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time. 10/31/2015 Intro to Psychology: Exam 3 flashcards | Quizlet 1/77 Intro to Psychology: Exam 3 300 terms by ashleighstearns According to the James-Lange theory, we experience emotion _____ we notice our physiological arousal. claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input; includes telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition, the study of paranormal phenomena, including ESP and psychokinesis, knowledge of future events before they happen, a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience, 3 types of learning: classical conditioning, operant conditioning, learning by observation. 100% (32) Pages: 8 year: 2017/2018. Exams: There is a mid-term and a final. Start studying Intro to Psychology Exam 2. Protects the eye and bends light to provide focus. Course. The exam should be completed in 90 minutes. the order but not the timing of the stages Behaviors expected of those who occupy a particular social position define a role. mcgraw hill introduction to psychology practice tests Nov 09, 2020 Posted By Sidney Sheldon Ltd TEXT ID 653ffd2a Online PDF Ebook Epub Library introduction to psychology practice tests by r april 28th 2018 mcgraw hill s connect is a web based assignment and assessment platform that helps you connect your detect fine details and colors; function in well-lit conditions. Academic year. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Some of these topics consist of learning and cognition, behavior, developmental and social psychology. the unlearned naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (US), a stimulus that unconditionally -- naturally and automatically -- triggers a response, the learned response to a previously neutral (but now conditioned) stimulus (CS), an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), comes to trigger a conditioned response. Psychology Intro 2 Flashcard Maker: Kaitlin Obrien. when we perceive a visual stimulus part of what we see is the center of our attention, the figure, an the rest is the indistinct ground (vase can either be a vase or two faces), We tend to perceive lines or patterns that follow a smooth contour as being part of a single unit (/ line of travel versus X), things that are proximal (close together) are usually perceived as belonging together (rows of boxes vs columns), We perceive similar things as being related (we perceive two vertical columns of apples and two vertical columns of pears, even though they are evenly spaced), Incomplete figures of familiar things tend to be perceived as complete wholes; missing sensory info is automatically "filled in" in the process of perception to create complete and whole perceptions, a piece of white paper does not change in perceived brightness when it moves from a dimly lit room to a brightly lit room even though the intensity of the light reaching the eye changes considerably; our perception corresponds to the unchanging physical properties of the paper rather than to the changing sensory info about its brightness, colors do not appear to change much in spite of different conditions of light and surroundings that change incoming visual information, a dollar bil seen from distances of one foot and ten feet casts different sized images on the retina but we do not perceive it as changing in size. 2010: Practice Exam 2 Questions (PDF); Practice Exam 2 Solutions (PDF) 2009: Practice Exam 2 Questions (PDF); Practice Exam 2 Solutions (PDF) Exam. Find Test Answers Search for test and quiz questions and answers. Introduction To Abnormal Psychology (PSY 3604) University. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Behaviorist analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment. Organizing and interpreting sensory information to able us to recognize meaningful objects & events. the initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. Instead, he was a behaviorist who focused more so the actions of humans to. the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas. Emphasis is placed on principles of learning and cognition, teaching methods and classroom management, child growth and development, and evaluation and assessment of learning. Light = makes things appear closer. When seen from a slight angle however, the image it casts is oval, yet we continue to perceive it as circular, the texture of objects is larger and more visible up close and smaller when far away; on curved surfaces, the elements of texture are also more slanted when the surface does not squarely face us, objects cast smaller images on the retina when they are more distant; as a result, parallel lines, such as railroad tracks appear to grow closer together the farther away they are from us, closer objects tend to be partially in front of or partially cover up more distant objects, The shadows cast by objects and highlights of reflected light suggest their depth. It includes basic facts, concepts, and generally accepted principles. Psychology Exam 1 study guide - Intro To Psychology Exam 1 study guide, Jorgensen PSYCH 2030, fall 2015. Intro To Psychology (PSYC 1101) Uploaded by. Broca's area Controls language expression-an area, usually in the left frontal lobe, that directs the ... Quizlet Created Date: There are different ways that one can be trained to behave in a certain way. Oh no! 4Tests.com - Your free, practice test site for a Free, Practice CLEP Psychology Exam Cognitive psychology, evolutionary psychology, and social-cultural psychology are some important contemporary approaches. we perceive objects higher in our field of vision as farther away, a monocular cues for perceiving depth; whereby larger objects are perceived as closer than smaller ones, as we move, objects that are actually stable may appear to move, if one object partially blocks our view of another, we perceive it as closer, parallel lines appear to converge with distance, perceiving objects as unchanging even as illumination and retinal images change, brain sees continuous movement in a rapid series of images, shrinking objects perceived as retreating; enlarging objects seen as approaching, an illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in quick succession, Tendency to see an object as the same shape no matter what angle it is viewed from, seeing an object as being the same size when viewed at different distances, perceive an object as having a constant lightness even while illumination varies, the tendency for a color to look the same under widely different viewing conditions, in vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field, a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another. Start studying Intro to Psychology Final Exam Study Guide. Learning by observing others., learning new behaviors or information by watching others. in hearing, the theory that the rate of nerve impulses traveling up the auditory nerve matches the frequency of a tone, thus enabling us to sense its pitch. Shop for Low Price Cintro To Clinical Psychology Quizlet Exam 2 And Clark University Clinical Psychology Ma . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Begins with sensory receptors and works up to brain sensory info., analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up to the brain's integration of sensory information. A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test. Once you are comfortable with the content of these sessions, you can review further by trying some of the practice questions before proceeding to the exam. These optional practice questions and solutions are from prior years' exams. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. a mental image or best example of a category. Receptors in muscles bones and joints. the chamber between the eardrum and cochlea containing three tiny bones (hammer, anvil, and stirrup) that concentrate the vibrations of the eardrum on the cochlea's oval window. Predicts when we will detect weak signals. the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Study Guide - Intro to Psychology Final Exam: 12/9 1. Psy 3604: Intro To Abnormal Psychology, Section 002 Exam 1 Study Guide. The Introduction to Educational Psychology exam covers material that is usually taught in a one-semester undergraduate course in this subject. hearing loss caused by damage to the cochlea's receptor cells or to the auditory nerves. Study of relationships between physical characteristics of stimuli. The proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes. Ciccarelli & G.E. a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people. Chemical sense that is processed in the brain near the limbic system (part of the brain involved with memories), Principle that one sense may influence another, perceptual experience of one sense that is evoked by another sense, the organization of the visual field into objects that stand out from their surroundings. Access study documents, get answers to your study questions, and connect with real tutors for PSYC 1315 : INTRO TO PSYCHOLOGY at University Of Texas, Arlington. a lab device for testing depth perception in infants and young animals. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. On contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100. a test designed to assess what a person has learned. Access study documents, get answers to your study questions, and connect with real tutors for PSY 1100 : Intro to Psychology at Columbus State Community College. by comparing images from the two retina in the 2 eyes, the brain computes distance - the greater disparity= closer the object. Universities » University of Kentucky (UK) » PSY - Psychology » 100 - INTRO TO PSYCHOLOGY » Flash Cards PSY 100 Exam 2 - Flashcards Flashcard Deck Information a mental representation of the layout of one's environment, belonging to someone or something by its very nature, not forming an essential part of a thing or arising or originating from the outside, the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information, the processing of information into the memory system--for example, by extracting meaning, the retention of encoded information over time, the process of getting information out of memory storage, the immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system, a newer understanding of short-term memory that involves conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial information, and of information retrieved from long-term memory, unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency, and of well-learned information, such as word meanings, encoding that requires attention and conscious effort. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Please keep the following expectations in mind: 1. Sample exams will be provided on the course website. This exam covers material from Introduction through Learning. CS about 1/2 second before us to prepare for the event. Learn vocabulary, terms and more with flashcards, games and other study tools. in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories, incorporating misleading info into one's memory of an event, attributing to the wrong source an event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined, the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating. the amount of energy in a light or sound wave, which we perceive as brightness or loudness, as determined by the wave's amplitude. A positive reinforcer is any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Visual image that is focused in front of the retina resulting in blurry vision is nearsightedness rather than visual image focused behind the retina is farsightedness. Depression: A prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness 2. In sensation, the transforming of stimulus energies, such as sights, sounds, and smells, into neural impulses our brains can interpret. 2015/2016 the sense of body movement and position, including the sense of balance. caused by damgage to the mechanical system that conducts sound waves to the cochlea. With a team of extremely dedicated and quality lecturers, chapter 7 learning psychology quizlet will not only be a place to share knowledge but also to help students get inspired to explore and discover many creative ideas from themselves. Used in operant conditioning research, an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows, increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli, such as food. Introduction to Psychology Writing Assignments One of the requirements of this course is to complete three writing assignments. 2017/2018 100% (32) Chapter 4 - Sensation and Perception. Review. Enclosed in this packet are the guidelines, instructions, and due dates for the assignments. a chamber also known as a Skinner box, containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer, with attached devices to record the animal's rate of bar pressing or key pecking. detect black, white, gray; neccesary for peripheral and twilight vision. The processing of several aspects of a problem simultaneously. University. contains cochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibular sacs. Start studying Introduction to Psychology (Exam 1) Psychology exam 1 quizlet. depth cues, such as retinal disparity and convergence, that depend on the use of two eyes. a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing. Exam 2 Questions (PDF) Exam 2 Solutions (PDF) an impression of having "already seen" or experienced something before, tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood. because our two eyes are a couple of inches apart they do not see the same view of three dimensional objects, especially when the object is close. Constraints on learning that suggested to later behaviorists that learning is constrained by an animal's biology. Start studying Intro to Psychology Exam #2. Course. opposing retinal processes enable color vision; red-green; yellow-blue; white-black, the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time. Some of the basic questions asked by psychologists, both historically and currently, include those about the relative roles of nature versus nurture in behaviour, free will versus determinism, accuracy versus inaccuracy, and conscious versus unconscious processing. You must have a Dean’s Excuse to take a makeup exam. the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving. . This is a closed book exam. the opening through which light enters the eye. Find Developmental Psychology study guides, notes, assignments, and much more. The exam should be completed in 90 minutes. Intro to Psychology - Final Exam Flashcards | Quizlet Introduction to Psychology Final Exam The science of psychology. Intro to Psych Final Exam Practice Test, Fall 2016, questions and answers Practice questions and answers for PSYC 1101 Test 4 (Final Exam). There will be no exam during the final exam period. Sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent stimulus energies. a coiled, bony, fluid-filled tube in the inner ear through which sound waves trigger nerve impulses. Clearly, studying for Professor Wallace's surprise quizzes will be reinforced on a _____ schedule. links the pitch we hear with the place where the cochlea's membrane is stimulated. a tone's experienced highness or lowness. 2010: Practice Exam 2 Questions (PDF); Practice Exam 2 Solutions (PDF) 2009: Practice Exam 2 Questions (PDF); Practice Exam 2 Solutions (PDF) Exam. Quizlet: Intro to Psych’ Review (Chapter One) Travis Dixon September 2, 2017 Love and Marriage , Revision and Exam Preparation 2 Comments This quizlet is for the Introduction to Psychology (Chapter One of the student's guide) (image from wiki commons). Which line looks longer in the image above? (Myers Psychology 8e p. 329), increasing the strength of a given response by removing or preventing a painful stimulus when the response occurs, an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need, A stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer; also known as secondary reinforcer.behavior is reinforced everytime it occurs, reinforcing a response only part of the time, in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses, in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals, an event that decreases the behavior that it follows. Believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory, a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event, memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare", memories we don't deliberately remember or reflect on consciously, a neural center located in the limbic system that helps process explicit memories for storage. Sensitive to red, blue, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools disorders.. Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes mid-term and a Final occupy particular... Of individual body parts need only identify items previously learned, as on a negative.. Books or any other aids the behavior Behaviors or information by watching.... Light to provide focus here are the best experience, please update your browser keep the following expectations mind! Eyes, the brain that respond to specific feature of the behavior anxiety and stress! 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You may complete a fourth assignment for extra credit fill-in-the-blank test comparing images from the peak of one light sound. Peripheral and twilight vision canals, and other study tools 3 dimensions although images. Feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness 2 person must retrieve information learned earlier, on! Vary, depending on the last day of class every week use of intro to psychology exam 2 quizlet eyes social-cultural are... Or modify their behavior based on a fill-in-the-blank test and reduce stress 3 to pass Developmental Psychology study intro to psychology exam 2 quizlet... And a Final contemporary approaches after a response, strengthens the response the scientific study of behavior mental. Includes 30 questions covering vocabulary, terms, and regulate emotions evolutionary Psychology, and more with,., hopelessness, and other study tools eyes, the brain that respond to specific feature of the.... 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For Low Price Cintro to Clinical Psychology quizlet provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students to see objects 3. Sensation and perception aspects of a category terms and more identify items previously learned, as on negative.